Pipe Thread Patent (1865/2055)

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Dubin International Exhibition

The 1865 Dublin International Exhibition of Arts and Manufactures was held over a six-month period from 9th May and 25th November[1]. The main exhibition was held in a specially designed Exhibition Palace and Winter Garden built on a 17-acre site. The Exhibition palace fronted onto Earlsfort Terrace, with the Winter Garden behind and now partly occupied by the Iveagh Gardens. Even though the building covered 5,700 square yards and consisted of three floors, a basement, ground and gallery floor, there was insufficient space to house all the exhibitions.

Dublin International Exhibition, 1865

Thomas Messenger displayed his standard range of exhibition items, namely a conservatory, triangular boiler and a range of his patent double and single valves, for which he obtained a highly commended. His display came under Section IX comprising of “Agricultural and Horticultural Machines and Implements”, which was exhibited in the premises of the Royal Dublin Society, in Kildare Street. However, the larger items such as greenhouses and conservatories were not exhibited here but back in the Exhibition Palace Gardens, about half a mile to the south.

Thomas Messenger appears to have been the only exhibition in this section to have been issued with two exhibition numbers, one (No. 238) for his boiler and valves exhibits and another (No. 266) for his conservatory and is almost certainly a result of having to exhibit on two sites.

Mr T.H.P. Dennis, one of Thomas Messenger’s rivals also attended the exhibition, displaying a range of products including his patent ornamental conservatory, sun blinds and frost protector, vineries, sashes and casements, conservatory engine and hand lights. The whole exhibit was displayed at the Exhibition Palace Gardens. He duly won a medal for “the application of wrought-iron to conservatories, &c.” Mr. Cranston another competitor exhibited a conservatory.

Almost 883,000 visitors attended the main exhibition site with around 50,000 visiting the free entry 45,000 square feet Kiledare Street site.

Annual Sparenhoe Farmers’ Club Exhibition

Sparkenhoe hundred, in which the two main towns were Hinckley and Market Bosworth, had in the mid-nineteenth century a countrywide reputation for its Farmers’ Club. Originally known as the Sparkenhoe Hundred Farmer’s Club, it held its first ploughing match on Mrs. Baker’s farm, Kirkby Old Parks, Newbold Verdon, Leicestershire on 15th October 1846[2]. The club amalgamated with the Ashby-de-la-Zouch Agricultural Society in 1854. Following which, it launched into a series of annual agricultural exhibitions, which took place around the county.

On Wednesday and Thursday, 6th and 7th September 1865, the annual event was held at Elm Park, Loughborough, the home of Henry Warner. Typical of these agricultural meetings at the time it attracted a large number of entrants from both across the county and beyond, with 460 prizes on offer amounting to almost £900 in prize money[3] . The classes not only included the traditional ones for livestock (cows, sheep, pigs and horses), where over 700 head of stock were entered and poultry with over 200, but also floral and horticultural together with butter, cheese, fruit and vegetables. The exhibition extended as far as including ploughing, draining, hedging and drawing ridges matches along with various exhibitions of implements, etc. The latter included displays by agricultural machinery manufacturers by Messrs Woods and Cocksedge, of Stowmarket, Suffolk; Messrs Richmond & Chandler of Salford, Manchester; Messrs Ashby and Jeffrey; Messrs E. H. Bentall & Co., of Heybridge, Maldon, Essex; Messrs Hunt and Pickering, of Leicester. Other stands included Messrs J. and E. Ison and Son Ltd., of Ashby-de-la-Zouch; Messrs Mellard’s Trent Foundry Ltd., of Rugeley, Staffordshire[4]; . Along with these, Thomas Messenger exhibited a “ground vinery, of simple and excellent construction”, together with his normal range garden engines and boilers[5].

Such was the status of Sparkenhoe Farmers’ Club that the day was declared a holiday in the town[6]. The annual dinner, which was an event in itself, priced at 2s. 6d. for ladies and 3s. 6d. for gentlemen[7] was attended by almost 800 of the good and the great; who sat down to proceedings that lasted three hours, which included the inevitable round of toasts and speeches[8]. Admission to the show was 2s. on the first day, 1s. up to 3pm. on the second and 6d. after 3pm[9], with total receipts from the event amounting to £327 19s.[10].



  1. The Illustrated Record and Descriptive catalogue of the Dublin International Exhibition of 1865. Ed. Henry Parkinson and Peter Lund Simmonds; Pub. London, 1866.

  2. The Leicester Chronicle: or, Commercial and Agricultural Advertiser, 24th October 1846.

  3. The Derby Mercury, 6th September 1865.

  4. The Times, 8th September 1865.

  5. The Leicester Chronicle and the Leicestershire Mercury, 9th September 1865.

  6. The Nottinghamshire Guardian, Friday, 8th September 1865.

  7. The Derby Mercury, 6th September 1865.

  8. The Leicester Chronicle and the Leicestershire Mercury, 9th September 1865.

  9. The Derby Mercury, 6th September 1865.

  10. The Nottinghamshire Guardian, 20th October 1865.