Sarah Ann Gains

On 19th January 1872[1], Joseph and Elizabeth’s third eldest daughter Sarah Ann married Adam Hope, third son of Robert Hope of Dumfries, Dumfriesshire, Scotland. The couple moved to the northeast of England and settled in North Shields, Northumberland, possibly at No. 19, Lanskill Terrace. By 1881[2], they have moved they were moved south of the River Tyne to South Shields living in Westoe Village (now part of South Shields) and in 1885[3] living at No. 22 Sea View Terrace, remaining there at least until the late 1880s[4]. The following year they are recorded as living at No. 1, Logan Terrace in the Westoe district of South Shields[5].

Adam Hope was for a time in business with a James Graham, trading as Hope & Co., in South Shields; by December 1880, the partnership had folded with Adam continuing to run the business on his own[6]. In 1890[7], his tailoring and draper’s business was located at Nos. 1 and 2, North Street, South Shields. He was also a politician, being one of the most active members of the South Shields Conservative Association[8]; a member of Burial Board of the South Shields Township[9] and of the South Shields and Westoe Floral Society[10]. He died suddenly on 11th August, 1891, described in the one local paper “He was suddenly cut off in the prime of life, and under circumstances of a peculiarly sad nature[11].” Apparently he was seeing Albert, his son, off on a Mediterranean cruise when he suffered a fall. The full detail of the accident was fully described at the inquest held at the Westloe Hotel[12]:-

“Mr. Thos. Hope, of Tankerville Terrace, Newcastle, retired draper, uncle of the deceased, said he saw the latter the day after he was injured. He told him he had been on board, a tug on the bridge, when the vessel made a lurch and he fell to the ground.

Mr Thos. Gentles, managing owner of the s.s. Salisbury, said that on Thursday last, 6th August, he was seeing his own son and the son of Mr Hope off on the Salisbury. They were going on a voyage. At three o’clock in the morning he called on Mr Hope and accompanied him to Tyne Dock, They went on board the steamer and remained while the proceeded down the river so long as they had smooth water. They then went on board the steam tug Contest, which was piloting the steamer out. Mr Hope was on bridge of the tug, and when about midway between the Fish Pier and the end of the South Pier, the tug took a lurch and Mr Hope fell to the deck, a distance of about seven feet. As he fell he struck the bunker hatch, which is of iron. When picked up he was insensible, but he came round shortly afterwards, when he complained of being hurt, The tug was turned round and Mr Hope was taken home without delay.

Mr John Marshall, pilot, said there were on the bridge Mr Hope, Captain Gentles, Captain W. Rewcastle, and himself. He did not see Mr Hope fall, but saw him on the deck afterwards. If he fell over the rail of the bridge he would fall about ten feet. The following deposition signed by Dr J. F. Armstrong was put in:— The late Adam Hope received an accident last Thursday, he was suffering considerably from the shock. On examination I found considerable bruising and emphysema on the right side. He was occasionally coughing up blood, which indicated rupture of air cells of the lung, I found the eighth rib fractured and treated him accordingly. He showed no unfavourable symptoms until Tuesday morning, when he died suddenly.

Added to the above report was a second statement signed by Drs Armstrong, J. Robertson Crease, W. Dalziel, and J. W. Steven, which ran as follows :—Post mortem made thirty hours after death. We are of opinion that Adam Hope died in consequence of fatty degeneration of the heart, causing syncope, which death was accelerated by shock of an accident on Thursday last, when his eighth rib was fractured at the angle, causing emphysema, with slight congestion of the right lower lobe of the lung round the seat of the fracture.

The verdict of the jury was Adam Hope came to his death on 11th August. He died from syncope, due to fatty degeneration of the heart, accelerated by shock, the result of an accidental fall from the bridge of a steam tug on the 6th day of August, causing fracture of a rib, penetration of the right lung and other injuries.”

Following Adam’s death his widow Sarah Ann may have moved away, for at least a small period, for at the 1901 Census she was recorded as staying at a private hotel in Farquhar Road, Camberwell, London. By 1908, she appears to have returned to the northeast.

Their two children Albert Adam (1874-1939) and Cyril Robert (1876-) were both born in North Shields[13]. They attended the South Shields Grammar Technical School for Boys, entering the new school in May 1885; Albert left in July 1889[14] as he was suffering from bronchial asthma and subsequently attended Trinity College, Harrogate[15]; Cyril left in August the following year[16] and joined his brother at Trinity College[17]. Albert went onto to Durham University, where he studied medicine[18]. He married Dorothy Lee Simpson, the eldest daughter of Mr. Edward Simpson on 3rd May 1899 at St. George’s Church, Jesmond, Northumberland. By 1901[19], the couple were living in The Green, Byfield, Northamptonshire, where he was describing himself as a “physician and surgeon[20]. Such was his status at the age of 29 that he had two live-in servants, a housekeeper and a groom[21].


  1. The Leicester Chronicle, 27th January 1872.
  2. 1881 Census.
  3. The South Shields Grammar Technical School for Boys Admission Register.
  4. Kelly’s Directory of Durham 1890.
  5. 1891 Census.
  6. The London Gazette, 31st December 1880.
  7. Kelly’s Directory of Durham 1890.
  8. The Newcastle Weekly Courant, 26th September 1891.
  9. The Newcastle Weekly Courant, 28th March 1891.
  10. The Newcastle Weekly Courant, 16th May 1884.
  11. The Newcastle Weekly Courant, 26th September 1891.
  12. The Shields Daily Gazette and Shipping Telegraph, 13th August 1891.
  13. 1881 Census.
  14. The South Shields Grammar Technical School for Boys Admission Register.
  15. 1891 Census.
  16. The South Shields Grammar Technical School for Boys Admission Register.
  17. 1891 Census.
  18. The Leeds Mercury 19th September 1892.
  19. 1901 Census.
  20. 1901 Census.
  21. 1901 Census.